The California wine industry is legendary. In fact, almost all of America’s wine production occurs there. The first wine grapes in the state were planted by 18th century missionaries. Interestingly, missionaries planted grapes at every mission they started. That is because they wanted wine for religious sacraments such as communion. The wine industry took off in California but came to a halt due to Prohibition. After World War II, the industry started growing again. Today, some of the largest wine companies in the world are based in California.
Seven types of grape make up the majority of California Wines. The top three include cabernet, chardonnay and merlot. The climate is one reason why vineyards are successful. There is lots of sunshine and coast line. Wines that demand a cooler climate, Chardonnay and Pinot Noir, are grown near the coast. Meanwhile, varieties that grow in warmer weather, Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, are grown on hillsides and in valleys. Interestingly, many traditional European wines are grown in California. They are grated onto stronger California grapes. Examples include Moet & Chandon’s Domaine Chandon and Mumm Napa. Many people do not realize that California wines are grown all over the state. Of course, the most well-known wine area is on the North Coast. The Napa Valley and Sonoma County are located there.
How do these vineyards start? They start with cuttings of fine grapes that are perfect for the climate. Potential vintners need to understand the french term, terroir. Basically, the word means grapes adapt to the environment. Therefore, a grape grown in California will not taste the same as a grape grown in Italy. Further, grapes should be planted in open fields where air circulates and they get plenty of sunshine. In addition, grapes grow best in soil that drains well. The plants are very susceptible to root rot. Moreover, there is no need to add a lot of soil amendments. Vines grown in rich, organic soil only grow leaves, no grapes. Simply, the majority of people prefer buying wine in the store. Indeed, order wine from your living room. Visit Towne Cellars Wines & Liquors Inc. This companies sells a variety of wines.