Macular degeneration is one of the leading causes of vision loss and blindness for people age 55 and older. In many cases, vision loss is slow, so most people do not notice it right away.
If you are age 55, or older then you are at risk for macular degeneration and should visit macular degeneration specialists doctors. Doctors who specialize in macular degeneration have the tool necessary to diagnose and deal with vision loss.
Macular degeneration can be detected before there are any apparent symptoms. The specialist will perform a comprehensive dilated eye exam for visual acuity. Special drops will be placed in the eyes which dilate or contract the pupils so doctors can see the back of your eye. You may even be asked to look at an Amster grid to see if the lines appear wavy or if they disappear.
Macular degeneration has several stages. In the beginning, most people will not notice any symptoms. Specialists, however, may be able to detect the presence of very small drusen.
Later stages will show pigment changes in the retina and mild to moderate vision loss.
Depending on the type of macular degeneration you are diagnosed with, macular degeneration specialists doctors will treat the condition with vitamins, injections, possibly photodynamic therapy, or laser surgery. Patients may experience trouble reading, driving, or doing any activity which requires detailed sight.
Coping with vision loss can be distressing. Reduced or low vision means that even with glasses or contacts, normal everyday tasks can be difficult. There may be some low vision services available for you.
It is important to realize that using low vision aids without a proper evaluation and diagnosis may not work for you. It is important that you work closely with your macular degeneration specialists doctor to get the best care, advice, and aids to help improve your ability to see.